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Water & COVID-19


Drinking Water, Recreational Water and Wastewater: What You Need to Know

Can the COVID-19 virus spread through drinking water?

The COVID-19 virus has not been detected in drinking water. Conventional water treatment methods that use filtration and disinfection, such as those in most municipal drinking water systems, should remove or inactivate the virus that causes COVID-19.

Is the COVID-19 virus found in feces?

The virus that causes COVID-19 has been detected in the feces of some patients diagnosed with COVID-19. The amount of virus released from the body (shed) in stool, how long the virus is shed, and whether the virus in stool is infectious are not known.

The risk of transmission of COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person is also unknown. However, the risk is expected to be low based on data from previous outbreaks of related coronaviruses, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). There have been no reports of fecal-oral transmission of COVID-19 to date.

Can the COVID-19 virus spread through pools and hot tubs?


There is no evidence that COVID-19 can be spread to humans through the use of pools and hot tubs. Proper operation, maintenance, and disinfection (e.g., with chlorine and bromine) of pools and hot tubs should remove or inactivate the virus that causes COVID-19.

Can the COVID-19 virus spread through sewerage systems?

CDC is reviewing all data on COVID-19 transmission as information becomes available. At this time, the risk of transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19 through sewerage systems is thought to be low. Although transmission of COVID-19 through sewage may be possible, there is no evidence to date that this has occurred. This guidance will be updated as necessary as new evidence is assessed.

SARS, a similar coronavirus, has been detected in untreated sewage for up to 2 to 14 days. In the 2003 SARS outbreak, there was documented transmission associated with sewage aerosols. Data suggest that standard municipal wastewater system chlorination practices may be sufficient to inactivate coronaviruses, as long as utilities monitor free available chlorine during treatment to ensure it has not been depleted.

Wastewater and sewage workers should use standard practices, practice basic hygiene precautions, and wear personal protective equipment (PPE) as prescribed for current work tasks.

Should wastewater workers take extra precautions to protect themselves from the COVID-19 virus?

Wastewater treatment plant operations should ensure workers follow routine practices to prevent exposure to wastewater. These include using engineering and administrative controls, safe work practices, and PPE normally required for work tasks when handling untreated wastewater. No additional COVID-19-specific protections are recommended for employees involved in wastewater management operations, including those at wastewater treatment facilities.








MVWD 2020 Billing Dates


Monthly Base Rate

Monthly Base Rate: The Moapa Valley Water District has a minimum base rate on all water meters. The residential meter base rate applied to 5/8” meters is $40.00. The base rate applied for a 1” meter is $47.99. The base rate pays for bond and loan payments that the district has incurred to meet current federal mandates to deliver a safe and reliable potable water supply. This debt must be repaid regardless of any water being sold. Unfortunately new federal and state mandates arise yearly in a never ending cycle that the district must prepare and adhere to. In 2007, the District received a low interest loan from the United States Rural Development. Part of the requirements for the loan was that the District could not have a special rate for any group of people.


COVID-19 Virus and Public Water Supply Frequently Asked Questions

COVID19 Virus and Public Water Supply

Frequently Asked Questions

Can the Moapa Valley Water District (MVWD) continue providing water if COVID19 causes wide-spread community illness?

Yes. MVWD’s water treatment and delivery system is capable of treating and delivering up to 6,000,000 million gallons of drinking water per day. The water distribution system includes more than 180 miles of pipelines and numerous enclosed water storage tanks, pumping stations, and deep aquifer groundwater wells that can provide water to the Moapa Valley Communities under any number of emergency situations and scenarios. MVWD’s emergency response and readiness plans are in place and include provisions for providing water during emergency conditions that includes community-wide illness.

Should I stockpile bottled water as a result of COVID19?

While MVWD is prepared to provide water for the community under any number of emergency situations, including an outbreak of COVID19, local residents may implement their own individual readiness and preparedness plans for emergency situations as they deem appropriate. Our community’s drinking water supplies meet or surpass federal Safe Drinking Water Act standards. Even under extreme circumstances, provisions are in place to make water available from groundwater wells and/or through other operational strategies.

Are there any risks of COVID19 being transmitted through drinking water supplies?

According to health officials, COVID19 is primarily transmitted person-to-person – there is no indication that transmission can occur via drinking water supplies. MVWD’s drinking water is treated using chlorination. Chlorination, which is used throughout MVWD’s water distribution systems, is extremely effective at destroying virus and microorganisms during the water treatment process and maintaining disinfection throughout the water system.

What steps is MVWD taking to ensure COVID19 does not interrupt water system operations?

MVWD maintains emergency response and readiness plans to help maintain water system operations during natural disasters, community-wide illness, and other emergency situations. Provisions are also in place to ensure appropriate water treatment supplies and resources are available to sustain water delivery for an extended period of time, even if supply chains are temporarily disrupted during an emergency.









Healthy Water Link



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